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Understanding LUFS

Understanding LUFS

Welcome to the world of LUFS! Although this acronym may be unfamiliar initially, it is a handy tool for audio engineers. This blog will discuss the ins and outs of understanding LUFS to ensure you get the most out of your audio projects. So please grab a cup of coffee, and let’s start our journey into sound!

What is LUFS?

LUFS, or loudness units relative to full-scale, is a unit of loudness measurement used in audio production. This measurement standard was developed to provide a more consistent way of assessing a mix or master’s overall volume level across different platforms.

LUFS measures an audio file’s integral (or integrated) loudness level over time. Each digital platform has standards for what it considers appropriate as a “reference level” for maximum playback volume. LUFS takes into account not just average levels but also short-term peaks and fades, making it ideal for ensuring that the final audio delivered to consumers satisfies the technical requirements of each platform concerning loudness.

The target LUFS range for streaming is typically -14 ​LUFS​ ​for music and -16 ​LUFS​ ​for spoken word audio content. However, this range can vary depending on your chosen streaming service or delivery method — always check with them beforehand to confirm their recommended standards and best practices before submitting content.

History of LUFS

LUFS (Loudness Unit-Full Scale) is a compatibility loudness standard for audio measurement and production used to measure and specify the perceived loudness of modern audio recordings. First developed by its creators as part of the EBU R128 standard for broadcast audio production in 2010, it has since become a widespread industry standard.

LUFS is similar to other established loudness measurement systems, such as Gain (dB), PLR (Peak Level Ratio), ITU-R BS.1770-1 (K-Weighting), and RMS Level, however, it provides an improved way of measuring loudness that takes into account how our ears process sounds. LUFS allows audio professionals to achieve the desired volume without clipping or distorting signals on different playback systems like radio or television networks by recognizing how levels change depending on their frequency range.

LUFS’s popularity among streaming services such as Apple Music, Spotify, Deezer, and SoundCloud stems from its ability to measure both short and long-term loudness in a single process — meaning producers can get more accurate results with significantly less effort than with previous versions of standardized measurements. It also allows them to produce better-sounding tracks tailored to consumer preferences across different networks, which wasn’t always possible with other systems.

In recent years LUFS has been adopted by several professional mastering studios around the world, offering an easier way for producers and engineers to achieve their desired sound while remaining compliant with industry standards.

Benefits of LUFS

LUFS (Loudness Unit Full Scale) is a loudness measurement system that quantifies the subjective impression of an audio source. By using LUFS, producers, engineers, and other audio professionals can quickly and accurately measure the perception of a mix by assessing numeric data rather than relying entirely on their ears’ judgment. This objective measurement system also accounts for various listening environments and sound delivery systems and is particularly useful in audio production.

Utilizing LUFS can bring several benefits to your audio workflow:
-You can ensure that your mix is within an industry-standard loudness range (the generally accepted target LUFS range is -23 dB to -16 dB).
-LUFS also offers a degree of consistency regardless of the listening environment or device used, as it considers many potential sound qualities.
-As loudness measurements are numbers with precise ranges, you do not need to rely entirely on your ears’ judgment to assess or compare mixes — numerical measurements provide an accurate method for consistently comparing different mix revisions.
-Finally, LUFS allows you to easily monitor any changes that are made during mastering, which may be necessary if you use multiple sources, e.g., radio broadcasting or streaming services with varying requirements of perceived loudness levels

How to Measure LUFS

Measuring Loudness Units (LU) relative to Full Scale (FS) or LUFS is the standard used to measure the overall loudness of a mix. It’s essential to understand how these measurements are performed and how they are applied to get consistent results. A good way of understanding the concept is to compare it to peak levels, as this can better understand how loudness measurements are built and help you determine whether or not your mix is too loud.

LUFS is a logarithmic measure of audio level relative to Full Scale (FS). LUFS stands for Louder Uniformly Full Scale, which means that everything below 0LUFS will be silent, while anything above will start playing with increasing volume up until 0LUFS. This means that each unit measures approximately 3dB louder than the last. When measuring in LUFS, every 3dB increase doubles the perceived volume of a signal, and as you get closer to 0 LUFS, it gets closer to 100% full-scale level (which would distort if you passed it through an amplifier). To ensure consistent mastering, most commercial releases have an average primarily between -14 and -8LUFS, with peaks at around -2-3LUFS.

To accurately measure LUFS on your mixes, some tools are available for this purpose, such as EBur128 or TT Meter plugins that work with DAWs, such as Pro Tools or Logic ProX platforms. Once installed on your track, these plugins will show a waveform visualization with colored lines marking various levels like Momentary Loudness (dynamic jumps), Short Term Loudness (average over 8 seconds), and Program Loudness which is an integration over the entire song length, so short openings or endings segments do not influence it but reflects on how loud the mix sounds when listening continuously mostly between -10/-14LUfs.
Using these tools can give you a more precise idea of your music’s dynamics, allowing you more control while mixing and giving you ample opportunity to improve your sound before hitting the mastering stage and publishing it commercially.

LUFS in Music Production

LUFS, or Loudness Unit Full Scale, measures the loudness of a given piece of music production used to ensure consistency across different platforms. LUFS is an essential element for radio stations and streaming services in the music industry.

LUFS allows for volume adjustments without negatively impacting the dynamics of a track. This adjustment can be highly beneficial when balancing levels in a mix. It also allows your audio to sound as good on any devices it’s playing on, and it prevents your tracks from overly clipping when played louder than intended volumes.

It is essential to measure the LUFS levels of your future releases if you are an artist or producer, considering industry standards accept only audio with an average loudness between -14LUFS and -16LUFS. Examining this measurement can help you decide if specific sections need additional tweaks before mastering them to be accepted by online platforms such as Spotify or Apple Music.

In addition, many streaming platforms have adjusted their algorithms according to the integration of LUFS, so having a track mastered correctly with suitable levels can provide you with better streaming promotion opportunities even though it isn’t part of their algorithm.

LUFS in Broadcasting

LUFS (Loudness Units relative to Full Scale) is a measure of loudness used when working with audio. LUFS allows audio engineers to compare audio against a target level and adjust it accordingly to maintain the desired volume level. Broadcast specifications use LUFS so that audio levels can be measured and monitored against the maximum accepted broadcast level while remaining within their desired loudness range.

LUFS is often used in broadcasting to measure and adjust loudness for radio and television broadcasts to ensure that sound remains consistent across audiences. This helps producers maintain the intended atmosphere, emotion, or story through the appropriate sound levels without worrying about over-modulating or distorting sound effects or dialogue across nations or regions with different broadcast levels. Because LUFS does not consider peak loudness, it also enables engineers to create dynamic mixes without sacrificing overall intelligibility for louder elements.

LUFS in Streaming Platforms

LUFS, or Loudness Units Full Scale, is a measure of audio loudness that considers the entire audio spectrum. It is an international standard used by streaming services such as Spotify and Apple Music. When mastering a track for digital distribution to streaming, mastering engineers aim to achieve loudness levels between -13 LUFS and -16 LUFS.

When streaming services analyze audio content, they check the LUFS measurement of each track. This helps streaming platforms ensure all tracks have consistent playback levels regardless of when they were originally mastered. LUFS also determines dynamic range compression, which can be used to control how loud a track will sound on different devices.

LUFS provides an industry-wide agreement on what constitutes ‘loud’ in terms of playback level and dynamic range compression on any device across any platform. It allows for more accurate streaming performance metrics and ensures all tracks have similar levels during playback, leading to a better user experience overall!


In conclusion, understanding LUFS is essential for producing audio that meets industry standards. By using the LUFS meter to monitor and measure loudness levels, producers can ensure that they mix efficiently with consistent results. Additionally, working with a certified mixing engineer who is up to date on the loudness regulations can help ensure that your audio has the correct levels and quality for the online streaming platforms. To ensure that your audio has the maximum volume potential in its final form, it is essential to consider LUFS when mastering and producing music or audio content.

Editing your podcast audio


Don’t let poor audio quality ruin your podcast! This blog post will show you how to edit your podcast audio like a pro.




Editing your podcast audio is one of the most critical steps in the production process. You can ensure that your podcast sounds professional and polished by taking the time to edit your audio.

There are a few different ways to edit your audio, but we recommend using a program like Adobe Audition or Audacity. These programs will allow you to edit your audio files quickly and easily.

When editing your audio, there are a few things to remember. First, you’ll want to remove any unwanted noise from your recording. This can include background noise, breath noises, or other unwanted sounds.

Next, you’ll want to edit your audio levels to balance everything. This includes adjusting the volume of your voice, music, and sound effects. You’ll also want to ensure no sudden changes in volume throughout your podcast.

Finally, you’ll want to add finishing touches to your podcasts, such as intro music or sound effects. These can help add production value and make your podcast more engaging for listeners.

Editing your podcast audio may seem like a lot of work, but it’s worth it! By taking the time to edit your audio, you can ensure that your podcast sounds its best.


Why you should edit your podcast audio


There are a number of reasons why you should edit your podcast audio. Editing can help improve your podcast’s overall quality, make it more engaging for listeners, and help ensure that your podcast conforms to industry standards.

If you’re new to editing audio, the process can seem daunting. However, it’s not difficult to master the basics with a bit of practice. This guide will cover some basic principles of editing audio for podcasts.

One of the most critical aspects of editing audio is noise reduction. Background noise can distract listeners and make your podcast challenging to understand. By reducing or eliminating background noise, you can improve the overall quality of your podcast.

Another important aspect of editing is levels. Making sure that your audio is at an appropriate level is essential for listeners to hear and understand your podcast clearly. If your audio is too loud or soft, it can be difficult for listeners to stay engaged.

Finally, you’ll also want to edit for content. This includes removing bloopers and false starts, tightening up transitions between segments, and ensuring that your intro and outro are engaging and properly formatted.


What editing can do for your podcast audio


Whether you’re just starting out or have been podcasting for a while, editing your audio can seem daunting. But don’t worry – with some know-how and the right tools, it’s easy to get started.

There are many different ways to edit your audio, but for most podcasters, the simplest way is to use an audio editing program like Audacity. Audacity is a free, open-source program that runs on Windows, Mac, and Linux computers. It’s easy to use, and it has all the features you need to edit your podcast audio.

Once you’ve downloaded and installed Audacity, open it up and import your audio file. To do this, click on the “File” menu and select “Import.” Then choose the file you want to import and click “Open.”

Now that your file is imported, it’s time to start editing. You’ll first want to remove any dead space – that is, periods of silence where there’s no talking. To do this, just click and drag over the section of silence you want to remove. Then hit the “Delete” key on your keyboard or click on the “Edit” menu and select “Delete.”

Next, you’ll want to cut out any parts of the conversation that aren’t relevant to your podcast. Maybe there was a long discussion before someone finally said something interesting. Or maybe someone went off on a tangent that didn’t add anything to the conversation. Just listen through your audio, and when you hear something you want to cut out, click and drag over it and hit the delete key.

Now it’s time to add some polish to your audio with some basic effects. First up is equalization – this is a fancy way of saying “boosting or cutting certain frequencies.” For example, if someone’s voice sounds a bit muffled, you can use Equalization to boost the high frequencies and make their voice sound clearer. To do this in Audacity, just click on the “Effect” menu and select “Equalization.” Then move the sliders around until you’re happy with how it sounds.

You can also add some Reverb to make your audio sound fuller and more natural. Reverb simulates the echoes in real life when sound waves bounce off surfaces like walls or ceilings. To add Reverb in Audacity, click on the “Effect” menu and select “Reverb.” You can play around with different settings until you find something that sounds good – but be careful not to overdo it, or your audio will start sounding unnatural.

Finally, if there are any parts of your conversation that sound too quiet or too loud compared to everything else, you can use Compression to even things out. Click on the “Effect” menu and select “Compressor.” Again, play around with different settings until you find something that sounds good – but be careful not to go too crazy, or your audio will start sounding unstable.

And that’s all there is to it! With just a few simple steps, you can take raw podcast audio and turn it into something that sounds professional and polished


How to edit your podcast audio


If you want to create a podcast that sounds professionally edited, there are a few things you can do to make sure your audio is up to par. Here are some tips on how to edit your podcast audio effectively:

1. Use an equalizer to adjust the levels of different frequencies in your audio. This will help to make your audio sound more balanced and clear.
2. Use a noise gate to eliminate any unwanted background noise. This will help to keep your audio clean and free of distractions.
3. Use a compressor to even out the levels of loud and soft parts in your audio. This will help to make your audio sound more consistent and easy to listen to.
4. Use a vocal enhancer to bring out the best in your voice recordings. This will help your voice sound clear and professional.
5. use an Echo chamber effect sparingly, only for certain parts of your podcast that would benefit, such as interviews or dramatic moments. This effect can add depth and dimension to your audio, making it more engaging for listeners.


Tips for editing your podcast audio


Good audio quality is critical for a successful podcast. Here are some tips to help you get the best sound for your show:

-Record in a quiet space: Background noise can be distracting and make your podcast challenging to listen to. Find a quiet room or use an environmental sound blocker when recording.
-Use a microphone: Microphones can significantly improve the sound quality of your podcast. If you don’t have a professional microphone, consider using a Lavalier or Headset mic.
-Edit out mistakes: Nobody’s perfect, but that doesn’t mean your audio has to reflect that! Use an editing program to remove any umms, ahhs, or other noises that may be distracting to listeners.
-Export in MP3 format: This is the most common format for podcasts and will ensure compatibility with the broadest range of devices and software.

Following these tips, you can create a high-quality podcast that will sound great to your listeners!




The beauty of podcasts is that anyone can make one. You don’t need a big budget or even any prior audio experience. That being said, if you want your podcast to sound professional, it’s essential to spend some time editing your audio.

Editing doesn’t have to be complicated. Even a few simple steps can make a big difference. This article will give you an overview of the basics of audio editing for podcasts. By the end, you should understand what you need to do to get your podcast sounding its best.

We recommend using an audio editing program like Audacity or Adobe Audition. These programs are free and relatively easy to use. If you’re new to audio editing, we recommend watching some of our tutorials before you start.

Once you have your software set up, open your recording in the program and take a listen. As you listen, make a note of any sections that you want to cut out. These could be sections of silence, sections where someone stumbles over their words or anything else you don’t want in the final recording.

When you’ve identified the sections you want to remove, use the editing tools in your software to cut them out. Once you’ve removed all the unwanted sections, it’s time to add any music or sound effects to your podcast. You can find free music and sound effects online (we recommend checking out sites like free sound effects dot com or Check out Ssemble), or you can record your own audio clips using a microphone and some basic recording equipment.

Finally, export your edited podcast as an MP3 file and upload it to your hosting platform. And that’s it! You can take your podcast from amateur hour to professional quality with just a few simple steps.


Further reading


If you’re new to audio editing or even a seasoned pro, plenty of resources are available to help you hone your skills. Here are a few of our favorites:

-The tutorials section on Adobe Audition’s website is packed with helpful information on how to use the software.
-PodCamp covers the basics of cleaning up and improving your audio in Audacity, a free and popular audio editor.